Smoking And Its Effects

Smoking-And-Its-Effects

Smoking And Its Effects

Does Smoking Affect Your Teeth - The Long Term and Short Term Effects of Smoking

It is not breaking news if you were told that smoking is bad for you! The long term effects of smoking can be severe and could lead to a wide range of general and oral health problems. Does smoking affect your teeth? Yes, it does! However, in spite of the various warnings on the health effects of smoking, most smokers choose to ignore these, while blatantly disregarding its many consequences.

To bring things into perspective, here is some data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare which shows that smoking is prevalent in the Australian population, with nearly half (49%) being current or former smokers.

According to the reports, 12% of people in the age group 14 and over smoke daily, while 89% of individuals take to smoking in their teens. Moreover, with an estimated 37,300 treatment episodes provided by specialist alcohol and other drug agencies in 2014-2015, most of the cases involved nicotine as a drug of concern.

So, how is smoking and dental health related? What are the effects of smoking on oral health? What are the long and short term effects of smoking? Let’s find out!

Smoking and General Health – What Does Smoking Do To You?

The side effects of smoking are many. Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for many illnesses such as lung and cardiovascular diseases, poor pregnancy outcomes, and oral diseases including oral cancers and periodontitis. The role of smoking in the pathogenesis of these diseases is believed to be associated with a deficient host immune function, causing an increased risk of disease and poor wound healing. Smoking also impairs the revascularization of bone and soft tissues, further impairing healing.

Smoking and Oral Health - What Does Smoking Do To Your Teeth?

  1. Plaque and Tartar: Chemicals present in tobacco products like cigarettes tend to affect the saliva flow, making it easier for bacteria to settle in, resulting in the build-up of bacteria-laden plaque that develops on the teeth and along the gum line. If the plaque is not removed daily, it can harden into tartar (dental calculus), which can then only be removed through professional teeth cleaning.
  2. Periodontal Disease: Does smoking cause gum disease? Yes, it does! You are up to six times more likely to have periodontal disease if you are a smoker. Smoking and periodontal disease are closely linked. There is also evidence that smokers experience greater tooth loss than non-smokers. As such, this is yet another ill-effect that smoking cause. If you are a smoker, you can take a periodontal test today to determine the health of your gums and teeth.
  3. Dental Implant Failure: Smoking also increases the risk of dental implant failure. Following a dental implant if you continue smoking, then the chances of it failing are 3 times more likely than those in non-smokers. Additionally, you run a greater risk of contracting various infections.
  4. Healing and Response to Surgery : Tobacco smokers have a significantly greater incidence of complications after an extraction. For example, Alveolar Osteitis - inflammation of the alveolar bone. Another side effect of smoking is delayed or slow healing post-surgery due to the weak immune system.
  5. Discolouration of Teet: Did you know that your teeth have pores, just like your skin? That’s right! When you smoke, the nicotine and tar in tobacco are absorbed by these pores, which causes discolouration. Getting yellow teeth from smoking is quite common. However, in worse scenario, your teeth may also turn brown or even black, in which case you may need to opt for teeth whitening services.
  6. This is true even for electronic cigarettes, as the vapour contains nicotine. Plus, the other chemicals and heavy metals in e-cigarettes can cause receding gums, tooth loss, and since it affects the saliva production, it could lead to bad breath. For some smokers, depending on their method of inhalation, certain teeth may become severely discoloured than the rest. This can adversely affect their appearance, negatively impacting their social life.

  7. Tooth Loss: As mentioned above, since smoking is one of the risk factors associated with periodontal disease, as it causes inflammation around the tooth and weakens the bones & the supporting structure causing tooth decay and cavities, it can lead to tooth loss.

Long Term and Short Term Effects of Smoking

  1. Oral Cancer: Tobacco contains numerous chemicals which increase the risk of oral cancer in individuals. It is by far one of the most harmful effects of tobacco and many studies reveal that you are 4.4 times more likely to be affected by oral cancer if you are a smoker.
  2. Other Lesions: Smoking causes other illness too such as Leukoplakia - a condition where white patches develop on your tongue or inside the cheek, Oral Mucosal Lesions and Oral Keratosis. All these diseases increase the risk of oral cancer.
  3. Bad Breath: One of the immediate effects of smoking is bad breath. While the causes of bad breath are many, smoking is one of the biggest reasons as the residue of nicotine from cigarettes lingers in the mouth for hours. This causes not only bad breath but also other dental problems. Smokers breath can also cause severe social and personal embarrassment, which could lead to seclusion.
  4. Lower Life Expectancy : Several studies show that smoking shortens the life span by at least 10 years when compared to those who have never smoked. On an average, smoking 1 to 4 cigarettes a day can increase the risk of dying prematurely significantly. Also, it is estimated that two-thirds of smokers will die due to smoking, as it adversely affects almost all body organs and bodily system.
  5. Passive Smoking: Also known as ‘second-hand smoke (SHS),’passive smoking can affect the health and well-being of people who breathes in the smoke, when in the presence of smokers. Since they are exposed to the chemical substances in the smoke, even inhaling a small amount can be detrimental to their health. It can also irritate the eyes and nose. Plus, it can cause health problems such as heart disease, respiratory problems, lung cancer, and is particularly harmful to babies and kids.
  6. Other Problems : Excessive coughing, shortness of breath, fatigue, lack of energy, reduction in the sense of taste and smell are some of the other long term effects of smoking that can affect your health as well as social life. Smokers are also at risk of other severe health problems such as respiratory or lung problems (asthma), problems related to the heart and blood vessels, fertility problems, etc.

Conclusion

Be it smoking and cavities or smoking and gum disease, everything is co-related and can hamper your general & oral well-being. If you are serious about quitting smoking, then talk to your GP or Dentist today. On average, at least five or six attempts to quit are made by a smoker before being successful, and all attempts need to be perceived as a learning experience for all involved in the process.

For more information visit – http://www.health.qld.gov.au/quitsmoking/

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10/7 Nicklin Way

Minyama QLD 4575, Australia

Opening Hours

Mon - Fri: 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM

Book Appointment

(07) 5444 4308 & 1300 70 60 90

Send Us An Email

dentist@orisdental.com.au

Adarsh (Principal Dentist)

Adarsh

Adarsh (A-Dash) is the principal dentist at Oris Dental. Adarsh graduated as a dentist in 1996 from the University of Mumbai (Bombay, India). He entered private practice as an assistant dentist in one of the leading practices in Mumbai from 1996-2002. The practice offered all aspects of dentistry with the exception of Orthodontics. This prompted Adarsh to pursue a post graduate degree in Orthodontics and successfully completed the 3 year Full time the master’s program from University of Mumbai (Bombay, India) in 2005. Since then, Adarsh has been in private practice both as a general dentist and an orthodontist. He also served as teaching faculty at University in Mumbai for 3 yrs and when in India, he has been ‘the dentist’ to many dentists!! In 2008, Adarsh took the Australian Dental Council exam for direct recognition of his skill in Australia. He successfully completed the exams in the first attempt and moved to Australia early 2009. He has been in private practice in Australia since Jan 2009. Oris Dental was set up in Minyama in 2011. Oris Dental is now over 8 years old and is growing to be a well-respected practice in the area. He is particularly interested in Cosmetic dentistry Dental implants and Orthodontics. Adarsh hopes to use all the experience he has gained in the past 22 years, to offer the best in dentistry to all his patients in this practice. Adarsh believes in spreading smiles and has successfully designed smiles and in doing so improved the lives and self-confidence of many Sunshine Coast locals (Take a look at our Smile gallery!). Adarsh is an active member of the Australian Dental Association since 2009 He held the post of Senior Lecturer in Orthodontics in Mumbai University before moving to Australia. He is a Life member of the Indian Dental Association, serving as the General Secretary of the Association (Mumbai City Chapter) 2007-2009 He is Life member of the Indian Orthodontic Society. He is Candidate for Membership Examination MRACDS (Ortho) and plans to complete his membership exams soon. Adarsh is also currently pursuing his Diploma in Implant dentistry at the Royal College of Surgeons(Edinburgh). Adarsh has recently complete intensive training in implant placement and restoration in Neoss and TRI (Swiss) Implant system. He is married to Prachi for 15yrs and they have a 11 yr old son – Aarjav, a little daughter Aria who has just started prep and Daisy the mad Lab pup! He is currently learning to play Tennis and Badminton and loves watching the cricket!

Prachi (Owner/ Dentist)

Prachi

Prachi is the director, part time dentist at Oris Dental. Prachi graduated in 2002 from Nair hospital dental college, Mumbai (Bombay, India), one of the leading dental schools in Asia. She then worked in multiple private practices across Mumbai (Bombay, India). While working as a dentist in various practices she picked up the positives from them and implemented them into this practice at Oris Dental. She is very friendly by nature and is particularly good at handling children, preventive dentistry and hygiene. Prachi moved to Australia in 2009. Prachi has there on completed her Australian Dental council exams successfully in early 2011 and is now ready to bring in her 12 years of experience to Oris Dental. Prachi also serves as a part time dentist at the Oral Health Services Sunshine Coast in Caloundra Kawana and Nambour as needed.

Davina (Dentist)

Davina

Davina is the latest addition to the Oris dental family. After completing her bachelor’s degree form the University of Queensland, Davina has been in private practice in an around the Sunshine coast for a year. Davina is very highly recommended by her previous employers. Davina shows exemplary skills in building a great relationship and rapport with her patients and is well regarded by her peers. We are happy to have Davina as a part of our practice and hope her friendly personality will shine through to all our patients.

Lise Slack (Dental Hygienist)

Lise Stack

Our dental hygienist Lise Slack is a trained member of the dental team who works together with your dentist in preventing gum diseases and dental decay.

Lise joined OrisDental in 2015 and has worked extensively in private specialist practices. She graduated from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa in 1982 and has had specific training and exposure to an extensive range of periodontal conditions and treatment modalities.

Lise’s dad was a professor in dentistry and this is where her love of teeth comes from. She has invented two specialist oral care products which are available in Australia and several international countries. Lise has also lectured at international dental conferences on the maintenance of dental implants and how to help patients care for their teeth once they have contracted periodontitis.

Both adults and children can benefit from having an appointment with a dental hygienist as they are taught how dental diseases occur and how it can be prevented or managed.

Lise is married to Sam and they have two daughters. They value their family time and love adventurous outdoor sports.

Jesse (Dental Assistant)

Jesse (Dental Assistant)

Jess has been a part of Oris Dental from the outset in 2011. Always cheerful and welcoming Jess is the star amongst our patients at our practice. If you cannot find Jess in the practice she will be at the beach!

Debra (Receptionist)

Debra (Receptionist)

Debra is the pleasant voice that greets you when you phone the practice. Debra has over 30 years of experience in the dental field and it wont take you long to realize that she absolutely enjoys what she does. Debra is primarily involved in reception duties but is also a certified dental assistant and can seamlessly switch roles when needed. Debra ensures that the workflow of the practice is maintained and ensure that high practice standards our maintained. Debra is playing an active role in us achieving practice accreditation.

Tayla (Dental Assistant)

tayla (Dental Assistant)

Tayla is the latest addition to our practice but comes with a load of experience. Tayla has an endearing personality and absolutely loves talking with patients and meeting new people. Tayla is highly qualified and has a Cert 3 and Cert 4 in Dental assisting in Dental Radiology and is looking forward to welcoming you to our practice.

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Dr. Param Dass

Dr. Param Dass

Param Dass graduated with a Bachelor in Dentistry from the University of Otago, NZ in 2005. He went on to complete his Bachelor in Medicine from the University of Auckland NZ in 2010.

Param started working part time in our practice since 2015 with special interest in surgical procedures including Dental implants and bone grafting procedures, Surgical extractions including Wisdom teeth and other minor surgical procedures.

Param is well known for being gentle and caring in treating patients with dental anxiety and maintains a calm demeanour.

He is also well trained in working with patients with various levels of anxiety, offering dental treatment under Happy Gas, Twilight sedation or under Full general anaesthetic.

Dr. Brayden Fracchia

Dr. Brayden Fracchia

Brayden is a new addition to the Oris Team. He hails from North Queensland, having completed his Bachelor of Dental Surgery at JCU Cairns, practicing in Hobart and outreach dentistry from Mount Isa over the course of his studies. Brayden enjoys becoming a part of a community and enjoys the outdoors and sport in his spare time. Having only recently moved to the beautiful Sunshine Coast, Brayden is enthusiastic and well versed in all aspects of basic general dentistry and looks forward to bringing North Queensland hospitality to the South East.