Impacted Wisdom Tooth – All You Need to Know

Impacted-Wisdom-Tooth

A wisdom tooth is a set of molars that grow in the back (top and bottom) of our mouth. They start to break out during the teens, and generally, each individual has four wisdom teeth. However, in some cases, a person may have more than four or fewer. Impacted wisdom teeth are those that do not have enough room to grow. They can either grow sideways or come out in the wrong direction/angle, causing immense toothache. They can also affect the nearby teeth due to crowding or infection.

Below we have covered all the details you need to know about impacted wisdom teeth, including the causes, symptoms, complications, prevention and treatments.

1. What is an Impacted Wisdom Tooth?

While some people may not experience any pain, for others, wisdom tooth pain can be unbearable. A wisdom tooth is also known as the third molar, and when impacted, it can grow in the wrong direction/angle, sideways or partially. This can trigger pain, and individuals may also have swelling around the gum area. Wisdom tooth infection is usually seen in partially-grown wisdom teeth. It can become infected due to the presence of bacteria in the mouth, which can cause further damage to the teeth.

2. Causes of Impacted Wisdom Tooth

Lack of sufficient room to grow is the major cause why a wisdom tooth gets impacted. Wisdom teeth generally emerge/erupt between the age of 17 to 25. When only the crown of the tooth is visible from the gums, it is known as a partially impacted tooth. Whereas, molars that never break through the gums are referred to as fully impacted wisdom teeth.

An impacted wisdom tooth can cause problems if:

  • It grows at an angle that tilts towards the neighbouring tooth, overcrowding it due to limited space.
  • It grows towards the back of the mouth.
  • Vertical or horizontally impacted wisdom teeth that stay trapped within the jawbone can also cause a problem.

3. Impacted Wisdom Teeth Symptoms

An impacted wisdom tooth can cause a lot of issues as the pressure to grow and overcrowding may lead to serious orthodontic problems. The tooth can get infected as it is difficult to clean the tooth if the food gets trapped in it. Some of the signs of impacted wisdom teeth are:

  • Swollen, red bleeding gums
  • Pain and swelling around the jaw
  • Difficulty in chewing food
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty in opening your mouth
  • Bitter and unpleasant taste

4. Complications Caused by Impacted Wisdom Tooth

  • Damage teeth: While growing towards the neighbouring teeth, the impacted tooth can damage the structure of other teeth. Pushing towards the next tooth can harm it and cause infection around that area. It could lead to more bacteria in the mouth, which leads to infection. It can also cause immense tooth pain or inflammation of the gums or swelling around the jaw. Here, removing the impacted tooth is the best option to prevent damage to the other teeth.
  • Cysts: When the wisdom tooth develops in the sac of the jaw, it can be filled with fluids. This can lead to the formation of cysts that can harm the jawbone, teeth and nerves in your mouth. When such complications arise, the dentist may remove the tissue and the bone.
  • Tooth decay: Since a partially impacted wisdom tooth is harder to clean, it leads to the build-up of more bacteria. This increases the risk of tooth decay, which needs to be treated post-haste.
  • Gum disease: With the build-up of bacteria, the wisdom tooth infection may worsen and cause a painful gum disease known as pericoronitis. It commonly affects the lower teeth and gum area leading to inflammation and swelling/bleeding of gums. It can also cause a burning sensation and redness around the gums.

5. How can you diagnose an Impacted Wisdom Tooth?

For diagnosis, a dental X-ray is recommended by the dentist. This provides them with a clear picture of the damage and helps them identify if the damage extends to other teeth or bones. Four types of impacted wisdom teeth can be diagnosed through the dental X-ray.

  • Fully impacted: This type of impacted wisdom tooth is the most difficult to remove as it is completely stuck inside the jaw.
  • Partially impacted: This involves the tooth being partially stuck inside the jawbone.
  • Soft-tissue impacted: This is the least complicated wisdom tooth to remove. It is only stuck under the gums, which makes the process of removing it easy.
  • Erupted: The impacted wisdom teeth removal for a fully erupted tooth is easier and involves less pain.

6. Impacted Wisdom Tooth: Treatment and Removal

The most common treatment for impacted wisdom teeth is tooth extraction. The impacted wisdom teeth surgery is quite straightforward and is carried out in the dental clinic. Local or general anaesthesia is used to numb the area around the infected tooth and surrounding tissue. The dentist may cut or make an incision through the surface of the gum to remove any bone that may come in the way. During the tooth extraction procedure, the dentist may also cut the tooth in half to avoid injury to the bone, tissue or nerve.

In recent times, the dentist usually advises removing the wisdom tooth before it can damage your teeth or cause any complications. This helps maintain your oral health and keeps your teeth healthy.

After the procedure, you might experience bleeding and swelling. The dentist will prescribe pain medication, and to reduce swelling, apply ice to the affected area.

7. Recovery After Impacted Wisdom Teeth Surgery

Following the impacted wisdom teeth removal/extraction surgery, you can go home the same day. It might take up to 3-4 days to fully recover after the surgery. If the damage was severe (in the case of a fully impacted tooth), the recovery may take a week or more. If stitches are used to close the wound, the dentist will guide you on the proper after-care procedure.

  • As you won’t be able to open your mouth fully or chew anything hard, a diet of cold liquid and soft food is recommended.
  • Also, ensure to not touch the expose area and avoid brushing your teeth for the first 24 hours.
  • An open wound is more prone to infection, so avoid chewing from the side where the tooth is extracted.
  • The dentist may also recommend some exercises to alleviate pain and release tension from your jaw and mouth muscles.

More importantly, note that while you may recover from the tooth extraction procedure in a few days, the wound may require at least 6 weeks to heal. So, follow the after-care procedure as directed by your dentist to avoid infection.

#Prevention

While there is no way to prevent an impacted wisdom tooth, your dentist can monitor the growth of the wisdom tooth through regular dental check-ups. Professional teeth cleaning can also limit bacterial growth in the mouth, thereby keeping your teeth healthy. Also, periodic dental X-rays can help track early signs and symptoms of wisdom teeth.

Connect with us today if you want to schedule an appointment. Or send us an email at dentist@orisdental.com.au if you have any query and a member of our staff will contact you shortly.

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10/7 Nicklin Way

Minyama QLD 4575, Australia

Opening Hours

Mon - Fri: 8:30 AM – 5:00 PM

Book Appointment

(07) 5444 4308 & 1300 70 60 90

Send Us An Email

dentist@orisdental.com.au

Adarsh (Principal Dentist)

Adarsh

Adarsh (A-Dash) is the principal dentist at Oris Dental. Adarsh graduated as a dentist in 1996 from the University of Mumbai (Bombay, India). He entered private practice as an assistant dentist in one of the leading practices in Mumbai from 1996-2002. The practice offered all aspects of dentistry with the exception of Orthodontics. This prompted Adarsh to pursue a post graduate degree in Orthodontics and successfully completed the 3 year Full time the master’s program from University of Mumbai (Bombay, India) in 2005. Since then, Adarsh has been in private practice both as a general dentist and an orthodontist. He also served as teaching faculty at University in Mumbai for 3 yrs and when in India, he has been ‘the dentist’ to many dentists!! In 2008, Adarsh took the Australian Dental Council exam for direct recognition of his skill in Australia. He successfully completed the exams in the first attempt and moved to Australia early 2009. He has been in private practice in Australia since Jan 2009. Oris Dental was set up in Minyama in 2011. Oris Dental is now over 8 years old and is growing to be a well-respected practice in the area. He is particularly interested in Cosmetic dentistry Dental implants and Orthodontics. Adarsh hopes to use all the experience he has gained in the past 22 years, to offer the best in dentistry to all his patients in this practice. Adarsh believes in spreading smiles and has successfully designed smiles and in doing so improved the lives and self-confidence of many Sunshine Coast locals (Take a look at our Smile gallery!). Adarsh is an active member of the Australian Dental Association since 2009 He held the post of Senior Lecturer in Orthodontics in Mumbai University before moving to Australia. He is a Life member of the Indian Dental Association, serving as the General Secretary of the Association (Mumbai City Chapter) 2007-2009 He is Life member of the Indian Orthodontic Society. He is Candidate for Membership Examination MRACDS (Ortho) and plans to complete his membership exams soon. Adarsh is also currently pursuing his Diploma in Implant dentistry at the Royal College of Surgeons(Edinburgh). Adarsh has recently complete intensive training in implant placement and restoration in Neoss and TRI (Swiss) Implant system. He is married to Prachi for 15yrs and they have a 11 yr old son – Aarjav, a little daughter Aria who has just started prep and Daisy the mad Lab pup! He is currently learning to play Tennis and Badminton and loves watching the cricket!

Prachi (Owner/ Dentist)

Prachi

Prachi is the director, part time dentist at Oris Dental. Prachi graduated in 2002 from Nair hospital dental college, Mumbai (Bombay, India), one of the leading dental schools in Asia. She then worked in multiple private practices across Mumbai (Bombay, India). While working as a dentist in various practices she picked up the positives from them and implemented them into this practice at Oris Dental. She is very friendly by nature and is particularly good at handling children, preventive dentistry and hygiene. Prachi moved to Australia in 2009. Prachi has there on completed her Australian Dental council exams successfully in early 2011 and is now ready to bring in her 12 years of experience to Oris Dental. Prachi also serves as a part time dentist at the Oral Health Services Sunshine Coast in Caloundra Kawana and Nambour as needed.

Davina (Dentist)

Davina

Davina has been a part of our family since 2014. After completing her bachelor’s degree from the University of Queensland, Davina has been in private practice in an around the Sunshine coast for a year before joining us full time. Davina shows exemplary skills in building a great relationship and rapport with her patients and is well regarded by her peers. Davina is very highly regarded by her current patients. Davina currently works 3 days a week.

Lise Slack (Dental Hygienist)

Lise Stack

Our dental hygienist Lise Slack is a trained member of the dental team who works together with your dentist in preventing gum diseases and dental decay.

Lise joined OrisDental in 2015 and has worked extensively in private specialist practices. She graduated from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa in 1982 and has had specific training and exposure to an extensive range of periodontal conditions and treatment modalities.

Lise’s dad was a professor in dentistry and this is where her love of teeth comes from. She has invented two specialist oral care products which are available in Australia and several international countries. Lise has also lectured at international dental conferences on the maintenance of dental implants and how to help patients care for their teeth once they have contracted periodontitis.

Both adults and children can benefit from having an appointment with a dental hygienist as they are taught how dental diseases occur and how it can be prevented or managed.

Lise is married to Sam and they have two daughters. They value their family time and love adventurous outdoor sports.

Jesse (Dental Assistant)

Jesse (Dental Assistant)

Jess has been a part of Oris Dental from the outset in 2011. Always cheerful and welcoming Jess is the star amongst our patients at our practice. If you cannot find Jess in the practice she will be at the beach!

 

Kaela (Receptionist)

Debra (Receptionist)

Kaela is a new addition to our practice. Coming from eight years of retail experience in Northern NSW, she loves working with people and assisting in any way she can. Kaela is also currently studying to become a trained dental assistant. You will immediately fall in love with her happy, bubbly personality.

Abby (Sr. Dental Assistant)

Abby (Dental Assistant)

Abby is originally from Hervey Bay, but she has been calling the Sunshine Coast home with her husband and two kids for the past four and a half years. Abby completed her cert III in dental assisting in 2015 and is looking to further her studies In the near future. Abby enjoys camping, playing guitar, and travelling
the world with her family.

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    Dr. Param Dass

    Dr. Param Dass

    Param Dass graduated with a Bachelor in Dentistry from the University of Otago, NZ in 2005. He went on to complete his Bachelor in Medicine from the University of Auckland NZ in 2010.

    Param started working part time in our practice since 2015 with special interest in surgical procedures including Dental implants and bone grafting procedures, Surgical extractions including Wisdom teeth and other minor surgical procedures.

    Param is well known for being gentle and caring in treating patients with dental anxiety and maintains a calm demeanour.

    He is also well trained in working with patients with various levels of anxiety, offering dental treatment under Happy Gas, Twilight sedation or under Full general anaesthetic.

    Dr. Brayden Fracchia

    Dr. Brayden Fracchia

    Brayden hails from North Queensland, having completed his Bachelor of Dental Surgery at JCU Cairns, practicing in Hobart and outreach dentistry from Mount Isa over the course of his studies. He has worked with us since 2020. Brayden enjoys becoming a part of a community and enjoys the outdoors and sport in his spare
    time. Having only recently moved to the beautiful Sunshine Coast, Brayden is enthusiastic and well versed in all aspects of basic general dentistry and looks forward to bringing North Queensland hospitality to the South East.

    Briar

    Briar

    Briar stated off as a trainee dental assistant in our practice mid-2020. She is the youngest member of our practice and is rapidly becoming an integral part of team Oris. Briar completed her Certificate 3 in our practice in 2021 and works full time Dental assistant at Oris Dental.