Top 15+ Dental Problems and Their Treatment (Infographic)

dental problem & treatment

Maintaining healthy gums and teeth are a long-lasting commitment. The earlier you start with good oral habits such as brushing, flossing, and limiting your sugar intake, the better you’d be able to avoid costly dental procedures and long-term health-related issues. One way to keep dental problems away is to go for a routine dental check-up twice a year. Adopting a healthy lifestyle is another way to enjoy good oral health. Lastly, don’t ignore dental problems. If you have toothaches, it is best to get them checked as delays in treatment can cost you dearly.

Dental Problems And Their Treatment (Infographic)

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Common Dental Problems and Their Treatment

1. Toothache

A toothache is a pain in or around a tooth and caused due to cavities, tooth decay, or infection. Toothaches are caused when the pulp nerve is irritated or infected by bacteria. The severity of the toothache can differ based on the cause. For example, temporary gum irritation can cause a minor toothache. But, if you notice any swelling or pus around the tooth or have a slight fever, it could be a sign of an abscess. In such a situation, it is best to see a doctor right away.

Treatment: A visit to the dentist is the best way to treat a toothache. The dentist will examine your teeth, gum and surrounding areas to determine the exact cause of pain and recommend treatments accordingly. If, however, visiting the dentist right away is not an option, you could take a painkiller to alleviate tooth pain and eat soft foods to ensure the toothache doesn’t worsen.

2. Tooth Decay (Cavities)

It is estimated that one out of four adults has an untreated cavity. Cavities are bad news as they damage the area in and around the tooth surface, resulting in tiny holes. It is one of the most common dental problems, especially among children. Cavities are a result of sticky bacteria (known as plaque) that coats the teeth, slowly destroying the tooth’s enamel. Adults can experience tooth decay at the gum line.

Treatment: The best way to stop cavities from spreading is to visit a dentist at the earliest. To avoid cavities, it is important to brush your teeth twice a day. Flossing, at least once a day, is also essential, plus use a mouthwash. Most importantly, avoid eating processed food and sugary beverages, as these are the main culprit that damages your tooth enamel, leading to cavities.

Further Reading: How To Brush Your Teeth: Effective Brushing Techniques (Infographic)

3. Tooth Sensitivity (dentin hypersensitivity)

If you have sensitive teeth, you may feel pain or discomfort after having hot or cold beverages or food items. Tooth sensitivity is also experienced after a root canal treatment or teeth filling. Other reasons for tooth sensitivity can be gum disease, receding gums, a cracked tooth, worn-down fillings or crowns. Also, some people have naturally sensitive teeth due to the thinner tooth enamel.

Treatment: A dentist may recommend specific brands of toothpaste and mouthwash for people with sensitive teeth. Sensitive teeth can also be treated through a change in your daily oral hygiene regime.

4. Tooth Erosion

The outer layer of teeth (called enamel), protects the inner layer of the tooth, namely the dentin and pulp. Tooth enamel is the first line of defence against tooth decay. However, over the years, the tooth enamel can wear off due to the presence of bacteria in the mouth that thrives on sugar. This acid attack by the bacteria can eat away at the enamel, leading to tooth erosion. The teeth problems caused by tooth erosion can range from teeth sensitivity to other severe dental problems.

Treatment: Tooth erosion can be easily prevented with the right oral care. This includes brushing, flossing, and rinsing with mouthwash daily. Routine dental check-ups and teeth cleaning also helps. Plus, avoid highly acidic foods and drinks. Instead, eat foods that are good for your teeth and overall general health.

Further Reading: Best And Worst Foods For Your Teeth [Infographic]

5. Discoloured (Stained) Teeth

There are numerous reasons why your teeth may get discoloured. The primary reasons are the food you eat, tobacco, smoking and excessive drinking. Teeth can also lose their shine and lustre due to medication. Plus, they can naturally lose their shine or become stained due to age.

Treatment: Professional teeth whitening is the best option available for treating discoloured teeth. Here, you have the option of in-office bleach or at-home bleach.

6. Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Are your gums tender? Do they bleed? Gum disease is when an infection grows around your teeth in the gums. It is one of the prime causes of adult tooth loss. Smoking plays a significant risk factor, however, gum disease is extremely common after the age of 30. The main symptoms of gum disease are bad breath, sensitive teeth, pain while chewing, and red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums. An advanced gum disease known as Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and other serious health complications.

Treatment: Visit the dentist for a Periodontal exam. Regularly brush and floss your teeth to prevent gum problems. Plus, to avoid losing a tooth, visit the dentist as soon as you experience any symptoms.

7. Mouth Sores

Mouth sores are a common ailment that affects many people at some point in their lives. They are also called canker sores and fever blisters/cold sores.

Treatment: Mouth sores aren’t usually something to worry about unless they last for more than two weeks. In extreme cases, they can lead to mouth cancer or an infection from a virus, such as herpes simplex. This needs further treatment.

8. Dry Mouth

The saliva in the mouth is a natural defence against tooth decay. Lack of moisture can lead to various dental issues. Dry mouth is often a side-effect of some medication. Other reasons for a dry mouth could be tobacco or smoking. A dry mouth can also lead to bad breath.

Treatment: Staying hydrated is important to prevent dry mouth. Also, limit your intake of caffeine and tobacco. Moreover, a salivary test can help in preventing dental treatment planning.

9. Halitosis (Bad Breath)

Though not a serious dental problem, halitosis (bad breath) can be embarrassing. It could be due to dental conditions such as gum disease, cavities, oral cancer, dry mouth or bacteria in the mouth

Treatment: Use mouthwash as a bad breathe cure if the symptoms are mild. However, for constant bad breath, it is advisable to consult with a dentist to discern the reason behind it.

10. Root Infection

Root infection occurs when the bacteria infect the roots of your tooth. It can be extremely painful, and if not treated at the earliest, could lead to tooth loss. Sometimes you may dismiss the discomfort caused by the infection, thinking it is a regular toothache. However, eventually, an abscess will form in the affected area to indicate an infection.

Treatment: For root infection, you need to undergo Endodontic treatment (root canal treatment), in which the dentist removes the affected tissues. This treatment will clean the inner infection and seal the tooth, thereby protecting your tooth from subsequent infections.

11. Wisdom Teeth

This is another common dental problem. Most people have at least one wisdom tooth that is impacted or partially grown. Some of the issues caused by a wisdom tooth are cavities, damage to neighbouring teeth, and gum disease.

Treatment: Wisdom teeth generally come in at the age of 17-25. If they cause severe discomfort, wisdom tooth extraction is the best option.

12. Chipped/Broken/Cracked Tooth

You could be playing a sport without a mouthguard, chomping on some candy, or have an accidental fall, all of this could lead to a cracked tooth. In most cases, cracked/chipped/broken tooth requires emergency dental care. Until you visit the dentist, it is advisable to eat soft food. To bring down the swelling, you could also apply a cold pack.

Treatment: In the case of a cracked tooth, a dental crown is used to prevent the crack from worsening. If the crack is above the gum line, you may need to get a root canal along with a crown. A deeply cracked tooth could even mean tooth loss, in which case the dentist might recommend a dental implant.

13. Impacted Tooth

A permanent tooth that doesn’t grow properly is called “impacted.” It usually occurs because of crowding, lack of space or when a tooth is stuck against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue.

Treatment: If it isn’t hurting you, a dentist may recommend leaving it alone. But if it hurts or may cause problems later on, surgical removal of impacted teeth is often recommended.

14. Teeth Grinding

Teeth grinding, also known as Bruxism, is a condition that can affect adults and children and can occur during the day or night. In this condition, you grind, gnash or clench your teeth. Stress, misaligned teeth or sleep issues are the main culprits.

Treatment: Sleep bruxism is considered a sleep-related disorder that can affect adults and children. If you clench or grind them during sleep, ask your dentist to fit you with a mouthguard.

15. Crooked Teeth

Straightening crooked teeth and aligning your bite is a key part of improving your overall dental health. It can also help relieve symptoms like jaw pain.

Treatment: An orthodontist may use metal braces, trays, aligners or retainers to straighten your teeth.

16. Gap Between Teeth

A gap between teeth may not seem like a problem, but it can affect your smile. Small gaps are hardly noticeable. However, large gaps can make you conscious and lower your confidence.

Treatment: To fix the gap in your teeth, you may need a smile makeover. This will help fix your teeth, moving them closer through composite bonding or other techniques.

17. Teeth Crowding

Teeth crowding can cause alignment issues leading to jaw problems and misaligned bites. The causes of dental crowding could be genetics, a smaller jaw or losing your baby teeth too early.

Treatment: Braces are the go-to treatment option for teeth crowding. It is used for both aesthetic and functional reasons. While primarily it used to treat teeth crowding issues in kids, adults braces are also available to treat the gap between the teeth, and for crooked and crowded teeth.

18. Missing Teeth

Missing one or more teeth may affect your speech and the way you eat. With missing teeth, it may become harder or uncomfortable to chew properly. Over time, it could cause other dental Missing teeth can change the shape of your jaw, causing your mouth to shift. You bite may also change to compensate for the extra room. This leads to other teeth problems such as tooth sensitivity, tooth grinding, and difficulty chewing.

Treatment: Dental bridges, dental implants, or dentures are a few possible treatments for missing teeth.


Preventive dentistry is the best way to stay away from common dental problems. Brushing, flossing, practising oral hygiene, and regular dental check-ups are a few tips that you should follow to maintain good oral health. This will, in turn, help you to improve your overall general health.

For more information, you can get in touch with a dentist at Sunshine Coast.

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Adarsh (Principal Dentist)


Adarsh (A-Dash) is the principal dentist at Oris Dental. Adarsh graduated as a dentist in 1996 from the University of Mumbai (Bombay, India). He entered private practice as an assistant dentist in one of the leading practices in Mumbai from 1996-2002. The practice offered all aspects of dentistry with the exception of Orthodontics. This prompted Adarsh to pursue a post graduate degree in Orthodontics and successfully completed the 3 year Full time the master’s program from University of Mumbai (Bombay, India) in 2005. Since then, Adarsh has been in private practice both as a general dentist and an orthodontist. He also served as teaching faculty at University in Mumbai for 3 yrs and when in India, he has been ‘the dentist’ to many dentists!! In 2008, Adarsh took the Australian Dental Council exam for direct recognition of his skill in Australia. He successfully completed the exams in the first attempt and moved to Australia early 2009. He has been in private practice in Australia since Jan 2009. Oris Dental was set up in Minyama in 2011. Oris Dental is now over 8 years old and is growing to be a well-respected practice in the area. He is particularly interested in Cosmetic dentistry Dental implants and Orthodontics. Adarsh hopes to use all the experience he has gained in the past 22 years, to offer the best in dentistry to all his patients in this practice. Adarsh believes in spreading smiles and has successfully designed smiles and in doing so improved the lives and self-confidence of many Sunshine Coast locals (Take a look at our Smile gallery!). Adarsh is an active member of the Australian Dental Association since 2009 He held the post of Senior Lecturer in Orthodontics in Mumbai University before moving to Australia. He is a Life member of the Indian Dental Association, serving as the General Secretary of the Association (Mumbai City Chapter) 2007-2009 He is Life member of the Indian Orthodontic Society. He is Candidate for Membership Examination MRACDS (Ortho) and plans to complete his membership exams soon. Adarsh is also currently pursuing his Diploma in Implant dentistry at the Royal College of Surgeons(Edinburgh). Adarsh has recently complete intensive training in implant placement and restoration in Neoss and TRI (Swiss) Implant system. He is married to Prachi for 15yrs and they have a 11 yr old son – Aarjav, a little daughter Aria who has just started prep and Daisy the mad Lab pup! He is currently learning to play Tennis and Badminton and loves watching the cricket!

Prachi (Owner/ Dentist)


Prachi is the director, part time dentist at Oris Dental. Prachi graduated in 2002 from Nair hospital dental college, Mumbai (Bombay, India), one of the leading dental schools in Asia. She then worked in multiple private practices across Mumbai (Bombay, India). While working as a dentist in various practices she picked up the positives from them and implemented them into this practice at Oris Dental. She is very friendly by nature and is particularly good at handling children, preventive dentistry and hygiene. Prachi moved to Australia in 2009. Prachi has there on completed her Australian Dental council exams successfully in early 2011 and is now ready to bring in her 12 years of experience to Oris Dental. Prachi also serves as a part time dentist at the Oral Health Services Sunshine Coast in Caloundra Kawana and Nambour as needed.

Davina (Dentist)


Davina has been a part of our family since 2014. After completing her bachelor’s degree from the University of Queensland, Davina has been in private practice in an around the Sunshine coast for a year before joining us full time. Davina shows exemplary skills in building a great relationship and rapport with her patients and is well regarded by her peers. Davina is very highly regarded by her current patients. Davina currently works 3 days a week.

Lise Slack (Dental Hygienist)

Lise Stack

Our dental hygienist Lise Slack is a trained member of the dental team who works together with your dentist in preventing gum diseases and dental decay.

Lise joined OrisDental in 2015 and has worked extensively in private specialist practices. She graduated from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa in 1982 and has had specific training and exposure to an extensive range of periodontal conditions and treatment modalities.

Lise’s dad was a professor in dentistry and this is where her love of teeth comes from. She has invented two specialist oral care products which are available in Australia and several international countries. Lise has also lectured at international dental conferences on the maintenance of dental implants and how to help patients care for their teeth once they have contracted periodontitis.

Both adults and children can benefit from having an appointment with a dental hygienist as they are taught how dental diseases occur and how it can be prevented or managed.

Lise is married to Sam and they have two daughters. They value their family time and love adventurous outdoor sports.

Jesse (Dental Assistant)

Jesse (Dental Assistant)

Jess has been a part of Oris Dental from the outset in 2011. Always cheerful and welcoming Jess is the star amongst our patients at our practice. If you cannot find Jess in the practice she will be at the beach!


Kaela (Receptionist)

Debra (Receptionist)

Kaela arrived at our practice in early 2021. Coming from eight years of retail experience in Northern NSW, she loves working with people and assisting in any way she can. Kaela has also just finished her training as a dental assistant. You will immediately fall in love with her happy, bubbly personality.

Abby (Sr. Dental Assistant)

Abby (Dental Assistant)

Abby is originally from Hervey Bay, but she has been calling the Sunshine Coast home with her husband and two kids for the past four and a half years. Abby completed her cert III in dental assisting in 2015 and is looking to further her studies In the near future. Abby enjoys camping, playing guitar, and travelling
the world with her family.

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    Dr. Param Dass

    Dr. Param Dass

    Param Dass graduated with a Bachelor in Dentistry from the University of Otago, NZ in 2005. He went on to complete his Bachelor in Medicine from the University of Auckland NZ in 2010.

    Param started working part time in our practice since 2015 with special interest in surgical procedures including Dental implants and bone grafting procedures, Surgical extractions including Wisdom teeth and other minor surgical procedures.

    Param is well known for being gentle and caring in treating patients with dental anxiety and maintains a calm demeanour.

    He is also well trained in working with patients with various levels of anxiety, offering dental treatment under Happy Gas, Twilight sedation or under Full general anaesthetic.

    Dr. Brayden Fracchia

    Dr. Brayden Fracchia

    Brayden hails from North Queensland, having completed his Bachelor of Dental Surgery at JCU Cairns, practicing in Hobart and outreach dentistry from Mount Isa over the course of his studies. He has worked with us since 2020. Brayden enjoys becoming a part of a community and enjoys the outdoors and sport in his spare
    time. Having only recently moved to the beautiful Sunshine Coast, Brayden is enthusiastic and well versed in all aspects of basic general dentistry and looks forward to bringing North Queensland hospitality to the South East.



    Briar stated off as a trainee dental assistant in our practice mid-2020. She is the youngest member of our practice and is rapidly becoming an integral part of team Oris. Briar completed her Certificate 3 in our practice in 2021 and works full time Dental assistant at Oris Dental.



    Drew is Oris Dental’ newest member, who has only recently moved from his hometown of Rockhampton. He is our Oral Health Therapist, who specializes in oral health education, general check-ups, fillings and more!
    He loves a good chat and a laugh at work. He prioritizes patient’s comfort and likes to encourage an environment where everyone feels a sense of security and safety in the dental setting. When Drew isn’t at work you’ll find him having a refreshing swim at the beach or having his usual dirty chai at his local cafe.



    Jasmine joined our practice in November 2021 and works with our Oral Health Therapist Drew. Jasmine is new to dental assistance, however is quickly taking on any and all challenges that come her way! She loves animals, and spending quality time with her husband and two kids. Welcome to the team!



    Brooke is originally from Brisbane but has been living on the coast since 2017. She brings over 15 years of experience in the dental industry and has had the opportunity to work in London and Melbourne for the Royal Flying Doctors. Brooke enjoys surfing, scuba diving and exploring the many things that the Sunny Coast has to offer.